Caleb Burhans was born in 1980 in Monterey, California to Ron and Venus Burhans. He grew up listening to his father, who in the '60s and '70s had played rock 'n roll on tour with Ray Charles, Kenny Rogers and the Everly Brothers. Burhans' musical studies began as a boy soprano at the age of nine in Houston, Texas. In 1990, he moved to Janesville, Wisconsin, where he studied violin, piano, music theory and composition, as well as picking up viola, cello, bass, percussion, mandolin, guitar, electric bass and conducting. During his years in high school, Burhans participated in such musical endeavors as choir, orchestra and strolling strings, as well as jazz and punk bands. After graduating from high school in 1997, he attended Interlochen Arts Academy before moving on to the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, New York. While at Eastman, he studied violin, viola, voice, composition, chamber music, orchestral music, baroque performance practice and contemporary music. Burhans graduated from Eastman with a bachelor's degree in viola performance and composition.
In the summer of 2003, Burhans and his wife Martha Cluver moved (with their lizard, named Buddha) to New York City, where they now reside. Burhans specializes in early music, contemporary music, pop/rock music, and free improv. His main instruments are violin, viola, guitar, piano and singing countertenor. In addition to his career as a freelance violinist, violist and countertenor, Burhans is a member of the Trinity Wall Street Choir, Philadelphia's Schola Nova and the new music ensemble Alarm Will Sound, as well as the bands Dialects, itsnotyouitsme and Beyondo. He has been heralded by the New York Times as "animated and versatile" and a "sweet-voiced countertenor."